BEIRUT (AP) - The United Nations estimated Wednesday that more than 60,000 people have been killed in Syria's
21-month-old uprising against authoritarian rule, a toll one-third
higher than what anti-regime activists had counted. The U.N. human
rights chief called the toll "truly shocking."
Opposition activist groups had
been estimating the death toll at more than 45,000 and this was the
first time that the U.N. estimate was higher.
"Given there has been no letup in
the conflict since the end of November, we can assume that more than
60,000 people have been killed by the beginning of 2013," U.N. High
Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay said in a statement. "The
number of casualties is much higher than we expected, and is truly
shocking," she added.
"The failure of the international
community, in particular the Security Council, to take concrete actions
to stop the blood-letting, shames us all," Pillay said. "Collectively,
we have fiddled at the edges while Syria burns."
A regime airstrike on a gas
station in a Damascus suburb on Wednesday pushed that death toll in the
civil war even higher. Anti-government activists said dozens were killed
and wounded when the strike ignited an inferno and left behind a
gruesome trail of charred bodies. It may be one of the bloodiest attacks
Mohammed Saeed, an activist who
visited the site in the eastern suburb of Mleiha, said the missile
struck as drivers waited in line with their cars at the station. Syria is facing a fuel crisis and people often wait in line for hours to get gas.
An amateur video posted online showed the carnage at the scene, where black smoke billowed from the fire.
In northern Syria, rebels clashed with government troops near at least three airports, part of their push to cut into the government's air power.
A number of rebel groups,
including the Islamic extremist Jabhat al-Nusra, attacked a helicopter
base near the village of Taftanaz in Idlib province. Videos posted
online showed them blasting at targets inside the airport with heavy
machine guns mounted on the backs of pick-up trucks.
The videos appeared to be genuine and corresponded to other AP reporting on the issue.
Rebels also clashed with
government forces near the Mannagh airport in Aleppo province and near
the Aleppo international airport, shutting down air traffic for a second
straight day, activists said.
In another blow to the regime and Syria's economy, a Philippine-based container port operator says it has pulled out of Syria and withdrawn all of its Filipino workers from a key port because of the civil war.
The move by Manila-based
International Container Terminal Services Inc., through its Syrian
subsidiary Tartous International Container Terminal, could effectively
derail cargo services in the northwest port city of Tartus, Syria's largest port.
The family of American journalist James Foley revealed Wednesday that he had been missing in Syria
for more than one month. He was providing Agence France-Press with
videos and his family said he was kidnapped by unknown gunmen on
The family called on those holding him to contact them.
"James is a professional
journalist who has remained totally neutral in this conflict," AFP
chairman Emmanuel Hoog said in a statement. "His captors, whoever they
may be, must release him immediately."
has been a challenge for journalists. The government rarely gives visas
to journalists, prompting some to sneak in with the rebels, often at
great danger to themselves.
The new U.N. analysis said monthly casualty figures have been steadily increasing since the conflict began in March 2011.
Independent experts compared
147,349 killings reported by seven different sources — including the
government — for the study, which was commissioned by the U.N. human
By removing duplicates they
arrived at a list of 59,648 individuals killed between the start of the
uprising on March 15, 2011, and Nov. 30, 2012. In each case, the
victim's first and last name, the date and the location of his or her
death were known.
The real death toll is likely to
be even greater because reports containing incomplete information were
excluded and a significant number of killings may not have been
documented at all by the sources available.
"There are many names not on the
list for people who were quietly shot in the woods," Pillay's spokesman
Rupert Colville told The Associated Press.
The data, which didn't distinguish among soldiers, rebels and civilians, also show that the killing in Syria has accelerated.
During the summer of 2011,
shortly after the uprising against Assad began, the monthly death toll
stood at around 1,000. A year later, an average of 5,000 were killed
each month, the U.N. said.
Most of the killings occurred in
Homs, followed by rural Damascus, Idlib, Aleppo, Daraa and Hama. At
least three quarters of the victims were male.
The U.N. rights chief warned that
thousands more would die or suffer terrible injuries if the conflict
continues, and repeated her call that those responsible for the killings
— which in some cases could amount to war crimes — should be held
"We must not compound the
existing disaster by failing to prepare for the inevitable — and very
dangerous — instability that will occur when the conflict ends," she
"Serious planning needs to get
under way immediately, not just to provide humanitarian aid to all those
who need it, but to protect all Syrian citizens from extra-judicial
reprisals and acts of revenge" like those seen in Afghanistan, Iraq,
Somalia and Congo, she said.
The U.N. refugee agency said about 84,000 fled Syria
in December alone, bringing the total number of refugees from the
conflict about a half million. Many more are displaced inside Syria.
Tuesday, December 10 2013 2:43 AM EST2013-12-10 07:43:09 GMT
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